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german cruiser blücher


List of ranks in the fire, police, jail, and corrections services of the Philippines, People of the American Civil War by state, Articles incorporating text from Wikipedia, http://books.google.com/books?id=bJBMBvyQ83EC&printsec=frontcover, https://military.wikia.org/wiki/German_cruiser_Bl%C3%BCcher?oldid=2648560, 16,170 t (15,910 long tons; 17,820 short tons), Belt: 70 to 80 mm (2.8 to 3.1 in), Armor deck: 20 to 50 mm (0.79 to 1.97 in). The battery crews asked for orders, but the commander of the fortress, Birger Eriksen, concluded: "The fortress has served its purpose". Blücher was the second of five Admiral Hipper class heavy cruisers of the German Kriegsmarine, built after the rise of the Nazi Party and the repudiation of the Treaty of Versailles. [24] The targeting device in the torpedo battery was very primitive. [19] Despite the apparent loss of surprise, the Blücher proceeded further into the fjord to continue with the timetable to reach Oslo by dawn. [31], By the time Beatty regained control over his ships, after having boarded HMS Princess Royal, the German ships had too great a lead for the British to catch them; at 13:50, he broke off the chase.
The main battery turrets were 8 cm thick in their roofs, and had 18 cm sides. She struck two mines and quickly sank; only 127 men out of the crew of 629 were rescued. She took part in the operation to bombard Yarmouth and the raid on Scarborough, Hartlepool and Whitby in 1914.

After completing a series of sea trials and training exercises, the ship was pronounced ready for service with the fleet on 5 April 1940. Any such course, now that no intervention from our Main Fleet was to be counted on, was likely to lead to further heavy losses. [17] Five minutes later, the guns at the Rauøy battery fired four rounds at the approaching Germans, but visibility was poor and no hits were scored. [32] The official German sources examined by Erich Gröner stated that 792 men died when Blücher sank,[9] while James Goldrick referred to British documents, which reported only 234 men survived from a crew of at least 1,200. While steaming through the Kattegat and Skagerrak, the British submarine Triton spotted the convoy and fired a spread of torpedoes. [20], On the night of 15/16 December, the main body of the High Seas Fleet encountered British destroyers.

[27] Normally the rudder is controlled electrically from the bridge to the motors forward of the Handsteuerraum (hand steering room) deep under the armored deck, forward of the rudder. According to Conway’s all the world fighting ships 1906-1921 and many other sources, SMS Blücher is rated as an “armoured cruiser”. Her hull was constructed with both transverse and longitudinal steel frames and she had thirteen watertight compartments and a double bottom that ran for approximately 65 percent of the length of the hull. [33], The loss of Blücher and the damage done to Lützow caused the German force to withdraw. However, the German zeppelin L5 mistook the sinking Blücher for a British battlecruiser, and tried to bomb the destroyers, which withdrew. Hipper immediately turned his battlecruisers towards the gunfire, when, almost simultaneously, Stralsund spotted a large amount of smoke to the northwest of her position. [19] Jürgen Rohwer meanwhile states that 125 seamen and 195 soldiers died in the sinking. On 5 April, she was deemed to be ready for action, and was therefore assigned to the forces participating in the invasion of Norway. "[24], In early January 1915 the German naval command found out that British ships were conducting reconnaissance in the Dogger Bank area. [19] The exact details of the plan were unknown, and it was assumed that the High Seas Fleet would remain safely in port, as in the previous bombardment. Although they were unaware of the exact plans, the cryptographers of Room 40 were able to deduce that Hipper would be conducting an operation in the Dogger Bank area. One of the three 28 cm (11 in) guns at Oscarsborg Fortress. Two torpedoes fired by a torpedo battery in the fortress struck the ship, causing serious damage. [12], Blücher spent most of November 1939 fitting out and finishing additional improvements. [9], Blücher was launched on 11 April 1908 and commissioned into the fleet on 1 October 1909. [13] The shells were 45.3 kg (99.9 lb),[14] and were loaded with a 13.7 kg (30.2 lb) RPC/12 propellant charge in a brass cartridge. [2] The ship was launched on 8 June 1937, and was completed slightly over two years later, on 20 September 1939, the day she was commissioned into the German fleet. [12], The German flotilla steamed at a speed of 12 kn (22 km/h; 14 mph). Each engine drove a screw propeller, the center screw being 5.3 m (17 ft 5 in) in diameter, while the outer two screws were slightly larger, at 5.6 m (18 ft 4 in) in diameter.

Blücher was built at the Kaiserliche Werft shipyard in Kiel between 1907 and 1909, and commissioned on 1 October 1909.

The ship also would have carried a pair of triple 53.3 cm (21.0 in) torpedo launchers abreast of the rear superstructure. The Norwegian government therefore decided to remove as much oil as possible from the wreck. [14], Blücher was also equipped with four 45 cm (18 in) torpedo tubes. [23], The Germans were unable to locate the source of the gunfire. The ship led the flotilla of warships into the Oslofjord on the night of 8 April, to seize Oslo, the capital of Norway. I use WIKI 2 every day and almost forgot how the original Wikipedia looks like. Boiler 1 had already been destroyed by gunfire. [25], On 23 January, Hipper sortied, with Seydlitz in the lead, followed by Moltke, Derfflinger, and Blücher, along with the light cruisers Graudenz, Rostock, Stralsund, and Kolberg and 19 torpedo boats from V Flotilla and II and XVIII Half-Flotillas. Since the bunkers were half empty, the fire burned merrily. The second 28 cm shell struck near the aircraft hangar and started a major fire. [13] The trials lasted until mid-December, after which the ship returned to Kiel for final modifications.

The blast ruptured several bulkheads in the engine rooms and ignited the ship's fuel stores.
The R-boats were ordered to engage Rauøy, Bolærne and the naval port and city Horten. The delay caused by the temporary withdrawal of Blücher's task force, however, allowed the Norwegian government and royal family to escape the city.

[14] Between 00:30 and 02:00, the flotilla stopped and 150 infantrymen of the landing force were transferred to the escorts R17 and R21 (from Emden) and R18 and R19 (from Blücher). The support of the Blücher by the flanking move would have brought my formation between the British battlecruisers and the battle squadrons which were probably behind.

After being run through a cleaning process, the oil was sold. At 10:28, Lion was struck on the waterline, which tore a hole in the side of the ship and flooded a coal bunker. [22], The Germans were unable to locate the source of the gunfire.

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